Year : 2012 | Volume
: 10 | Issue : 1 | Page : 4--12
Psychopharmacology of schizophrenia: The future looks bleak
Chittaranjan Andrade1, Rajiv Radhakrishnan2, Praveen P Fernandes3
1 M.D. Professor and Head, Department of Psychopharmacology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore-560 029, India
2 M.D. Postdoctoral Associate, Dept of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT- 06511, USA
3 M.D. Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Creighton University School of Medicine, 3528 Dodge Street, Omaha, NE 68131, USA
Introduction: More than half a century after the introduction of effective pharmacotherapy for the illness, in most patients schizophrenia remains a chronic, relapsing condition with poor long-term outcomes.
Methods: We examine the pharmacological treatment of schizophrenia from different perspectives to understand why there have not been significant advances, and to consider what the future might hold in store.
Results: We argue that the treatment of schizophrenia addresses the phenotype and not the cause; that the causes may not be treatable even if identifiable; that secondary prevention approaches involving treating the phenotype before full-fledged illness develops have, so far, not yielded promising results; and that shifting the focus of treatment from dopamine to other neurotransmitter systems is merely a tertiary prevention approach which will not reverse the extensive structural and functional pathology of schizophrenia.
Conclusions: We believe that, given the current state of our knowledge of the illness, the future of the pharmacotherapy of schizophrenia looks bleak.
M.D. (Psychiatry), Professor and Head, Department of Psychopharmacology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore 560 029
|How to cite this article:|
Andrade C, Radhakrishnan R, Fernandes PP. Psychopharmacology of schizophrenia: The future looks bleak.Mens Sana Monogr 2012;10:4-12
|How to cite this URL:|
Andrade C, Radhakrishnan R, Fernandes PP. Psychopharmacology of schizophrenia: The future looks bleak. Mens Sana Monogr [serial online] 2012 [cited 2020 Jun 4 ];10:4-12
Available from: http://www.msmonographs.org/article.asp?issn=0973-1229;year=2012;volume=10;issue=1;spage=4;epage=12;aulast=Andrade;type=0