Mens Sana Monographs
BRAIN, MIND AND CONSCIOUSNESS
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 93--112

What should be the roles of conscious states and brain states in theories of mental activity?


Donelson E Dulany 
 Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820

Correspondence Address:
Donelson E Dulany
Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820

Answers to the titleSQs question have been influenced by a history in which an early science of consciousness was rejected by behaviourists on the argument that this entails commitment to ontological dualism and DQfree willDQ in the sense of indeterminism. This is, however, a confusion of theoretical assertions with metaphysical assertions. Nevertheless, a legacy within computational and information-processing views of mind rejects or de-emphasises a role for consciousness. This paper sketches a mentalistic metatheory in which conscious states are the sole carriers of symbolic representations, and thus have a central role in the explanation of mental activity and action-while specifying determinism and materialism as useful working assumptions. A mentalistic theory of causal learning, experimentally examined with phenomenal reports, is followed by examination of these questions: Are there common roles for phenomenal reports and brain imaging? Is there defensible evidence for unconscious brain states carrying symbolic representations? Are there interesting dissociations within consciousness?


How to cite this article:
Dulany DE. What should be the roles of conscious states and brain states in theories of mental activity?.Mens Sana Monogr 2011;9:93-112


How to cite this URL:
Dulany DE. What should be the roles of conscious states and brain states in theories of mental activity?. Mens Sana Monogr [serial online] 2011 [cited 2019 Oct 23 ];9:93-112
Available from: http://www.msmonographs.org/article.asp?issn=0973-1229;year=2011;volume=9;issue=1;spage=93;epage=112;aulast=Dulany;type=0