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  Mens Sana Monographs
A Monograph Series Devoted To The Understanding Of Medicine, Mental Health, Man, Mind, Music And Their Matrix
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BRAIN, MIND AND CONSCIOUSNESS
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 251-259

Neural basis of decision-making and assessment: Issues on testability and philosophical relevance


Professor of Philosophy of Science, Mind and Epistemology, Federal University Of Mato Grosso, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Gabriel José Corrêa Mograbi
Rua Florença n. 8, quadra 2 - Jardim Tropical, Cuiabá, MT - CEP: 78065-175
Brazil
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1229.77441

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Decision-making is an intricate subject in neuroscience. It is often argued that laboratorial research is not capable of dealing with the necessary complexity to study the issue. Whereas philosophers in general neglect the physiological features that constitute the main aspects of thought and behaviour, I advocate that cutting-edge neuroscientific experiments can offer us a framework to explain human behaviour in its relationship with will, self-control, inhibition, emotion and reasoning. It is my contention that self-control mechanisms can modulate more basic stimuli. Assuming the aforementioned standpoints, I show the physiological mechanisms underlying social assessment and decision-making. I also establish a difference between veridical and adaptive decision-making, useful to create experimental designs that can better mimic the complexity of our day-by-day decisions in more ecologically relevant laboratorial research. Moreover, I analyse some experiments in order to develop an epistemological reflection about the necessary neural mechanisms to social assessment and decision-making.


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