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  Mens Sana Monographs
A Monograph Series Devoted To The Understanding Of Medicine, Mental Health, Man, Mind, Music And Their Matrix
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THE LOOKING GLASS
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 122-128

Overlap of Autism and Seizures: Understanding Cognitive Comorbidity


[M.A. Cognitive Science] Centre of Excellence "Cognitive Interaction Technology" (CITEC) And Faculty of Psychology & Sport Sciences, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld 33615, Germany

Correspondence Address:
Neha Khetrapal
[M.A. Cognitive Science] Centre of Excellence "Cognitive Interaction Technology" (CITEC) And Faculty of Psychology & Sport Sciences, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany 33615
Germany
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1229.58823

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This article introduces the concept of 'cognitive comorbidity,' which lays emphasis on common cognitive deficits that cut across different disorders. The concept is illustrated with the help of two commonly reported overlapping conditions (autism and epilepsy). It is further explained by concentrating on two important cognitive processes of facial emotional recognition and emotional memory, shown to be compromised in both conditions; and their underlying neural substrates. Cognitive comorbidity is then contrasted with 'comorbidity,' a term which is more commonly used for describing cognitive disorders. The paper closes by providing directions for rehabilitative and theoretical efforts that could be inspired by the newly introduced concept.


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